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THE EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM
As of January 2015, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has a new electronic system called Express Entry (EE) to manage applications for permanent residence under certain economic immigration programs. The Express Entry system is the first step to immigrate to Canada under these programs. Potential candidates can complete an Express Entry profile at any time. Note that there is no deadline to complete a profile, and there are no caps of the number of candidates that will be accepted to the pool.
Anyone who is accepted into the Express Entry pool could get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. Rounds of invitations to invite candidates to apply will take place regularly over the course of each year. We will only pick the top ranking candidates no matter when they were accepted into the pool.
If you are invited to apply, you will have 90 days to submit a complete Application for Permanent Residence online. The first round of invitations took place on the last week of January 2015.
Express entry is used to manage applications for permanent residence under these federal economic immigration programs such as:
the Federal Skilled Worker (FWS) Program,
the Federal Skilled Trades (FST) Program, and
the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
Provinces and territories can also recruit candidates from the Express Entry system through their Provincial Nominee Programs to meet local labour market needs. Ministerial Instructions set out the rules for the Express Entry application management system.
Potential candidates will complete an online Express Entry profile providing information about their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details. Those who meet the criteria of one of the immigration programs listed above will be accepted into a pool of candidates. Anyone who does not already have a job offer supported by LMIA, or nomination from a province or territory, must register with ESDC's Job Bank. Job Bank will help connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.
Candidates will be ranked against others in the pool using a point-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Points are awarded using the information in their profile. Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply. If someone is invited to apply, they will have 90 days to submit an application for permanent residence.; and CIC will process the completed applications in 6 months or less.
Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence within 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool. This will prevent backlogs and ensure quick processing times.
The trends in the immigration industry are manifested through the immigration history of Canada since 1828 by the British colonial emigration legislation, up to the latest statistics as recorded in the “Facts and figures 2012, Immigration Overview” as found in the website of Citizenship & Immigration Canada (CIC ), now Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. Our focus will be on previous highlight industry trends and on the projected trends in the immigration business industry as set by the Minister’s “Report on Plans and Priorities 2013–2014” to ensure that the Canadian immigration system supports its objectives of jobs, growth and long-term prosperity, while maintaining family reunification goals and humanitarian obligations. This means that the economic and social immigration trends remain stable as the overall admissions range below has not change from the 2012-2013 Immigration Plan.
Excerpts from this report of some of these previous highlight and the projected immigration trends are:
1] The Government of Canada has welcomed the highest sustained levels of immigration in Canadian history since 2006 . For the seventh consecutive year, Canada will maintain an overall admissions range of between 240,000 and 265,000 new permanent residents.
2] Over the past year, the government has implemented transformative changes to Canada’s immigration system by making it faster and more flexible to better align with the labour market needs. In 2013–2014, the government will continue with comprehensive reforms to ensure that newcomers have the best possible chance at success; that Canada’s immigration system fuels economic growth; and that the system continues to be based on the consistent application of fair rules.
3] Canada will welcome approximately 158,600 immigrants or 62% of all projected admissions through various economic immigration programs throughout 2013.
4] The Canadian government will also move toward the launch of a new Expression of Interest system by the end of 2014 to create a pool of skilled applicants. This system will radically improve the way Canada selects economic immigrants, and to move from a slow, supply-driven system to the one in which governments and employers actively select candidates who can best meet immediate and future economic needs.
5] The year 2013 is also expected to be another record year for admissions under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) that expects to welcome up to 10,000 international student graduates and skilled foreign workers through this popular program. The CEC is currently the fastest growing economic stream, as Canada seeks to capitalize on the Canadian work experience and language skills these individuals possess.
6] CIC will continue to strengthen its other successful economic immigration programs i n the coming year. For example, the Provincial Nominee Program will welcome between 42,000 and 45,000 new admissions. CIC will continue to work with provincial and territorial partners to ensure that the integrity of the program is maintained, so as to best meet regional economic needs.
7] In 2013, Canada has planned to admit 73,300 Family Class immigrants equivalent to 27 percent of total admissions. This includes the admission of approximately 50,000 parents and grandparents in 2012 and 2013, and represents an increase of 60 percent from 2012, and the highest levels in nearly two decades. This will also continue to promote the highly successful Parent and Grandparent Super Visa as a practical and faster way for families to reunite. More than 10,000 super visas were issued in 2012 alone, with an 87 percent acceptance rate.
8] Canada is committed to its international obligations toward those facing persecution, and already accept one out of every ten resettled refugees worldwide – more than almost any other country in the world. Canada continues to enhance its tradition of refugee protection. In 2013, the humanitarian programs are projected to welcome approximately 28,500 vulnerable individuals, or 11 percent of Canada’s total newcomers.
9] As a result of reforms included in the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, bona fide refugees will receive protection in a timelier manner, as Canada continues to implement its new asylum system that came into effect in December 2012. With the ability to expedite processing of claims from countries that do not normally produce refugees, Canada has already seen a massive drop in asylum claims, including a dramatic drop in claims from Hungary, which used to be Canada’s top source country for such claims.
10] In the context of Canada–U.S. agreements on continental perimeter security, CIC will implement a number of initiatives to enhance its ability to screen travelers seeking to cross our borders, and to prevent criminals, terrorists and other inadmissible individuals from entering Canada, while at the same time facilitating the flow of legitimate visitors and goods between both countries.
11] In 2013, Canada has begun to screen visitors from certain countries using biometric data and will initiate systematic immigration information-sharing with the United States. Work is continuing toward the implementation of both an electronic travel authorization system and an entry-exit system with the United States by 2015.
12] In the year ahead, the federal government will fully resume responsibility of settlement services funding and delivery in Manitoba and British Columbia. Work is ongoing to ensure that a similar level of settlement services is available across the country, to help newcomers integrate and fully participate in our economy as soon as possible upon arrival.
13] Overall, CIC will continue to modernize and improve the efficiency of its operations. Key areas of focus remain the reduction of backlogs that lead to long wait times and continuing with the transformational change to Canada’s immigration system.
This affects you only if you applied on or after May 4, 2013. If we got your application before that date, we will process it using the rules that were in effect at that time. Due to the large number of applications we get, we can only consider a limited number of applications per year. Between May 4, 2013, and April 30, 2014, we will consider no more than 5,000 complete FSW applications for processing. Within the 5,000 cap, we will consider no more than 300 applications per eligible occupation for processing within this same time frame. These occupations are either: Skill Type 0 (management occupations) or Skill Level A (professional occupations) or Skill Level B (technical occupations and skilled trades) on the Canadian National Occupational Classification list. You must have one year of continuous, full-time (or an equal amount of part-time) paid work experience, in at least one of these occupations within the last ten years:
• 0211 Engineering managers (Cap reached)
• 1112 Financial and investment analysts (Cap reached)
• 2113 Geoscientists and oceanographers
• 2131 Civil engineers
• 2132 Mechanical engineers
• 2134 Chemical engineers
• 2143 Mining engineers
• 2145 Petroleum engineers
• 2144 Geological engineers
• 2146 Aerospace engineers
• 2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers/designers) (Cap reached)
• 2154 Land surveyors
• 2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers (Cap reached)
• 2243 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
• 2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
• 3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
• 3142 Physiotherapists
• 3143 Occupational Therapists
• 3211 Medical laboratory technologists
• 3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants
• 3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
• 3215 Medical Radiation Technologists
• 3216 Medical Sonographers
• 3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists Federal Skilled Trades (FST) applications accepted To avoid backlogs and ensure fast processing times, we will accept no more than 3,000 complete federal skilled trade applications for processing each year (from May 4, 2013 to April 30, 2014). Within the 3,000 cap, no more than 100 new applications for each job under Group A below will be considered for processing. There is no sub-cap for jobs under Group B. Group A includes 17 jobs with a moderate labour market need. Group B includes 26 in-demand jobs. In total, 43 jobs will be eligible to apply under the Federal Skilled Trades program in the first year of the program. The specific codes from the 2011 version of the NOC are provided below as you must include this in your application form. The caps apply whether or not people have a qualifying offer of employment or a certificate of qualification from a provincial or territorial apprenticeship authority.
• 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
• 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
• 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
• 7271 Carpenters
• 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
• 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
• 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
• 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
• 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services
• 8241 Logging machinery operators
• 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
• 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
• 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
• 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
• 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
• 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
• 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators
• 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
• 7233 Sheet metal workers
• 7235 Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters
• 7236 Ironworkers
• 7237 Welders and related machine operators
• 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
• 7242 Industrial electricians
• 7243 Power system electricians
• 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
• 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
• 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
• 7251 Plumbers
• 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
• 7253 Gas fitters
• 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
• 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
• 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
• 7314 Railway carmen/women
• 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
• 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
• 7371 Crane operators
• 7372 Drillers and blasters - surface, mining, quarrying and construction
• 7373 Water well drillers
• 8231 Underground production and development miners
• 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
• 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
On November 9, 2013, new Ministerial Instructions (MI10) were issued to manage the intake of new applications in the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). From November 9, 2013 to October 31, 2014, CIC will accept a maximum of 12,000 new CEC applications. Most National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill level B occupations are further sub-capped at 200 applications each. NOC 0 and A occupations are not sub-capped, but are subject to the overall cap of 12,000. Work experience in six NOC B occupations can no longer be used to qualify for the CEC :
• Cooks (NOC 6322)
• Food service supervisors (NOC 6311)
• Administrative officers (NOC 1221)
• Administrative assistants (NOC 1241)
• Accounting technicians and bookkeepers (NOC 1311)
• Retail sales supervisors (NOC 6211)
On June 15, 2013, new Ministerial Instructions (MI9) were issued that manage the processing of new applications for sponsorship of Parents and Grandparents as a member of the family class. These MIs contain two measures. One, the temporary pause on the acceptance of new applications for sponsorship of Parents and Grandparents – which has been in place since November 5, 2011 and was due to expire in November 2013 – will remain in place until January 1, 2014 in order to align with the expected coming into force of program changes. Two, the MIs establish that beginning January 2, 2014, a maximum of 5,000 new complete applications for sponsorship of Parents and Grandparents will be accepted for processing each year. This limit, which is necessary to support the continued reduction of the current backlog of applications, will remain in place unless a new MI is issued in the future.